BEYOND PITCH NOTATION
section one
Canon in D: Music by Johann Pachelbel, circa 1680. Public Domain. Ostinato bass lines in the Baroque era of music history such as the one in Canon in D were called ground bass or basso ostinato (literally “obstinate bass”).
1
Capo is pronounced KAH-po in this context (not KAY-po, which is a device used to shorten guitar strings).
2
America: Music by Leonard Bernstein, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. © 1956, 1957 Amberson Holdings LLC and Stephen Sondheim. Copyright renewed. Leonard Bernstein Music Publishing Company LLC, Publisher.
3
note duration and meter.
How Deep the Father’s Love for Us: Lyrics and music by Stuart Townend. © 1995, Kingsway’s Thankyou Music (administered by EMI CMG Publishing). Tune name: Father’s Love.
4
Hinunter ist der Sonnenschein: Common chorale harmonized by J.S. Bach, circa 1725. Public Domain.
5
Unless specified, B-flat trumpet is assumed, even though there are trumpets in C, D, and E-flat.
6
The D clarinet, E-flat clarinet, and D trumpet also sound higher than written, but these are very rare.
7
D7
This concludes the introduction to intermediate notation topics, and brings a close to the study of music fundamentals. The study of diatonic melody and harmony begins with a look at seventh chords and figured bass.
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